The special attraction of Africa and Asia were, indeed, that they offered many of the raw materials needed by the multiplying factories of Europe: The products of the tropics were especially welcome to Europe. But many of these raw materials could be, and were, got by trading without political control. The pressure of population in Europe was becoming great by the early twentieth century, but it still found free outlet in migration to the traditional areas of reception in the United States and Australasian.
Neither Africa nor eastern Asia offered climatic or economic conditions inviting enough to attract large-scale white settlements, and the pressure of population within Japan, China, and India was now itself so great as to exert a steady demand for fresh outlets. It was against Asiatic immigrants, not European, that the main barriers began to be raised. For this purpose, Africa and Asia served admirably. It was in these economic and political circumstances that the urge to exploit backward territories by the investment of surplus capital could make so much headway.
It began especially after , and gained rapidly in momentum until By then the main industrial countries had equipped themselves with an abundance of manufacturing plants, and the openings for capital investment at home were more meager.
What determined whether or not a country became imperialistic was more the activity of small groups of people, often intellectuals, economists, of patriotic publicists and politicians anxious to ensure national security and self — sufficiency, than the economic conditions of the country itself. And, as the examples of the British, French, Dutch, and Portuguese show, nations that had traditions of colonialism were more prompt to seek colonies that were nations, such as Germany and Italy that had no such traditions.
The Impact of European Imperialism in Africa. Accessed September 14, We will write a custom essay sample on The Impact of European Imperialism in Africa specifically for you. Leave your email and we will send you an example after 24 hours If you contact us after hours, we'll get back to you in 24 hours or less. How to cite this page Choose cite format: Imperialism 36 , European imperialism 5. How about make it original? This led to the scramble and ultimately, the partition of Africa.
During the Age of Imperialism, from , Britain was a major country, which proved to be true in the "carving up" and division of Africa. Britain was one of the strongest of the European countries, and had the power to take over much of the most valuable lands with the most rich and abundant supplies of raw materials and other resources.
There were five main reasons for their imperialism. They were political and military interests, humanitarian and religious goals, ideological, exploratory, and lastly, but most importantly, economic interests. As for the political reasons, Britain simply wanted to remain competitive with other countries, such as Germany and France.
At the time, the British had no allies, and the other countries such as France and Germany, were getting economically more stable. By taking over Africa, and setting up colonies, they would have allies and a sense of protection.
Germany and France were also some of the bigger powers in Europe, and the British feared them because they needed to keep up with the competition of their rival countries. They were pretty much forced to practice imperialism because of the growing threat of Germany and France. The British continued to be imperialists until the beginning of World War 1, in , because they feared that they might lose their empire.
One prime example of this, was how Britain bought the Suez Canal into their own power. Fredinand de Lesseps, a French entrepreneur, built the Suez Canal along with his company. Because this waterway was built in the country of Egypt, the ruler was the one who funded this project. One benefit of colonial rule was modernization.
Westerners created the basis for modern banking systems. New technology was also established including communication and transportation networks. Capitalists helped boost the economy by investing vast sums in railroad building.
From China to Chile, leaders and business people benefited. Many countries, for example, used export profits to develop industry and buy innovative farm equipment to endorse growth. Westernization was also known as modernization of less up to date countries. As westerners conquered other lands, they pressured their people to accept new modern ways.
By this, they intended to impose western ideas, government, and culture. Nonwesterners eventually adapted to belief in western superiority. Their confidence sagged in their own cultures due to the success of the imperialist nations. To become advantageous, as the dominant countries were, conquered countries learned to embrace many western ways. Some nonwesterners, however, were astringent about the western modernization.
They greatly resented abandoning their age-old traditions, and strongly resisted the western powers. Missionaries who built schools and hospitals helped spread western ethnicity.
The Effects of European Imperialism on Africa Essay the extent to which a need for expansion took hold of Europe is the Scramble for Africa -- an event that can be considered a prominent display of active imperialism.
Imperialism in Africa - Imperialism in Africa Imperialism is defined as one country’s domination of the political, economic, and social life of another country.
African Imperialism essays The European colonization of the continent of Africa was horrible for the African people, and led the way for their race to be discriminated against for many years to come. Each country in Europe wanted to be part of the imperialistic race, and this led to the decimat. Imperialism is defined as one country’s domination of the political, economic, and social life of another country. In Africa in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, imperialism was present and growing. The main countries involved in the imperialism in Africa were the French, German, and Great.
Read this History Other Essay and over 88, other research documents. Imperialism in Africa. Imperialism in Africa Imperialism is defined as one country's domination of the political, economic, and social life of another country/5(1). European Imperialism in Africa Essay Sample. Imperialism has been around for many years. Throughout history, countries have extended their rule and government to other countries.