As is the case with the rest of the world, the demand of organs in India is much higher compared to their supply. There is a major shortage of donated organs in the country. Several patients are on the wait list and many of them succumb to death waiting for organ transplant. The government of India is making efforts to spread awareness about organ transplant to encourage the same.
However, it needs to take effective steps to raise the number of donors. Organ donation refers to the process of giving organs or tissues to a living recipient who requires a transplant. Organ donation is mostly done after death. However, certain organs can be donated even by a living donor. The organs that are mostly used for the purpose of transplant include kidney, liver, heart, pancreas, intestines, lungs, bones and bone marrow.
Each country follows its own procedure for organ donation. Here is a look at how different countries encourage and process organ donation. While certain countries follow the organ donation opt-in procedure others have the opt-out procedure in place. Here is a look at the difference between these two processes of organ donation:.
India follows the opt-in system when it comes to organ donation. In order to control organ commerce and encourage donation after brain death, the government of India came up with the law, The Transplantation of Human Organs Act in the year This brought about a considerable change in terms of organ donation in the country.
Spain is known to be the world leader in organ donations. It follows the opt-out system for organ donation. The need for organs in the United States is growing at a rapid pace.
Though there has been a rise in the number of organ donors, however, the number of patients waiting for the organs has increased at a much higher rate. Organ donation in the United States is done only with the consent of the donor or their family. However, several organizations here are pushing for the opt-out organ donation.
Organ donation in the United Kingdom is voluntary. Individuals who want to donate their organs after death can register for the same. This is the only country that has been able to overcome the shortage of transplant organs. It has a legal payment system for organ donation and is also the only country that has legalized organ trade.
Organ donation is quite low in Japan as compared to other western countries. This is mainly due to cultural reasons, distrust in western medicines and a controversial organ transplant that took place in Most of the countries around the world suffer from low organ donor rate.
The issue must be taken more seriously. Laws to increase the rate of organ donation must be put in place to encourage the same. Organ donation has been encouraged worldwide. However, the demand of human organs far outweighs the supply. Low rate of organ donation around the world can be attributed to various reasons.
These reasons are discussed below in detail. The moral status of the black market organ donation is debatable. While some argue in favour of it others are absolutely against the concept. It has been seen that those who donate their organs are generally from the poor section of the society and those who can afford these are quite well off. There is thus an imbalance in the trade. It has been observed that those who can purchase the organs are taking advantage of the ones who are desperate to sell.
This is said to be one of the reasons for the rising inequality of status between the rich and the poor. On the other hand, it is argued that those who want to sell their organs should be allowed to do so as preventing them from it is only contributing to their status as impoverished.
Those who are in favour of the organ trade also argue that exploitation is preferable to death and hence organ trade must be legalized. However, as per a survey, later in life the living donors regret their decision of donating their organs.
Several cases of organ theft have also come forward. While those in support of the legalization of organ market say that this happens because of the black market nature of trade while others state that legalizing it would only result in the rise of such crimes as the criminal can easily state that the organ being sold has not been stolen. Almost all the societies in the world believe that donating organs voluntarily is ethically permissible.
Many scholars believe that everyone should donate their organs after death. However, the main issue from the standpoint of deontological ethics is the debate over the definitions of life, death, body and human. It has been argued that organ donation is an act of causing self harm. The use of cloning to come up with organs with a genotype identical to the recipient is another controversial topic. Xenotransplantation which is the transfer of animal organs into human bodies has also created a stir.
Though this has resulted in increased supply of organs it has also received a lot of criticism. Certain animal rights groups have opposed the sacrifice of animals for organ donation. Campaigns have been launched to ban this new field of transplantation. Different religious groups have different viewpoints regarding organ donation.
The Hindu religion does not prohibit people from donating organs. The advocates of the Hindu religion state that it is an individual choice. Buddhists share the same view point. Most dead people had been sick for a while and therefore their organs were affected. Organ transplantation was marked by a lot of failure.
Successes related with live organ donations……. Policies approving live organ donation. In , FDA approved cyclosporine an anti-rejection medication. People opposing live organ transplantation believe that;. The practice leads to exploitation of women, the poor and could be discriminative.
Pressure is mounted on mothers, sisters and wives to donate organs at the expense of their male siblings. This is considered to be unethical The Living Bank, People who cannot afford living organs do not get delayed services. Live organ donation is proven medical practice that saves lives and reduces the chances of organ rejection. Donors have the will to choose who to give their organs to and therefore there are very little or no legal complications.
All civil rights groups should first support organ live organ donation realizing its benefits then work with legal and medical practitioners to counter the negative social results of the practice. Ethical disputes in living donor kidney transplantation: Saudi Journal of Kidney Dispute Transplant , Living Donor Practices in the United States. American Journal Transplant , The Living Donation Process. Government Information on Organ Donation and Transplantation: The Hidden Cost of Organ Sale.
American Journal of Transplantation , Organ Donation Essay Outline. Vanderbilt University Type of paper: This essay has been submitted by a student.
This is not an example of the work written by our professional essay writers. Living Donor Specific Purpose: To enlighten my audience about the options for organ donation Thesis statement: We need to advocate for the donation of more live organs to save the lives of people who suffer from organ failure Transition: This had two disadvantages; A.
Here is your short essay on Organ Donation! Organ donation is the act of donating an organ by a person so that it can be transplanted by surgical procedure in the body of the recipient. Organ donation can benefit the recipient largely by improving health, quality and span of his life and even save him from death or other critical conditions like paralysis.
Organ donation is a topic which contains many conflicting views. To some of the public population organ donation is a genuine way of saving the life of another, to some it .
Writing sample of essay on a given topic "Organ Donation". Organ Donation Essay Secretary Market Street San Francisco, CA Dear Mr. Smith FOR THE ATTENTION OF THE HSS SECRETARY Organ donation is a compassionate way to give back to others, being able to make a huge difference by giving another person a second chance to live.
Organ Donation Tanecia Carter HCA Health Care Ethics & Medical Law Instructor: Instructor: Susan Vellek August 5, Organ Donation The process of taking functional organs and tissues from one person for transplantation into another individual is called organ donation. - Organ Donation Organ donation is a topic which contains many conflicting views. To some of the public population organ donation is a genuine way of saving the life of another, to some it is mistrusted and .