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While many of the stains of the econstruction Era are gone, that time period was in many ways the worst period of American history and that includes the slavery that occurred pre Summary In…… [Read More]. African-American History the Reconstruction Era. Although their white masters generally exposed them to Christianity, enslaved people adopted only parts of the white religion and mixed it with elements of their own beliefs.

Even though the family was not generally a legally sanctioned unit on plantations, the basic roles of mothers, fathers, and grandparents in rearing children did exist. Families could be severed and separated at the whim and desire of the slave owners, but families did often manage to stay together and develop tight bonds.

The important thing was not that the family was not recognized legally or that masters frequently encouraged monogamous mating arrangements in the quarters only when it was convenient to do so, but rather that some form of family life did…… [Read More].

American history from the colonial period through the econstruction era. Clearly, thorough such an extensive period, numerous significant events occurred that could alter history and culture. However, four events stand out because of their great influence on our history, our culture, and the very fabric of our lives today.

These events all made history, but they all influenced people of the time, and often influenced the world, too. The first, and perhaps most important event during this period was the American evolution, which secured America's freedom.

This event clearly set history, because it not only ensured our break from Great Britain to create our own unique democracy, it set the stage for all the other events to follow. The American evolution showed that a young, vibrant people could take their destiny into their own hands, and indicated that the dictator type of monarchy was outmoded. The American evolution helped the…… [Read More]. Reconstruction Period Reconstruction Was. Thus reconstruction even with all the good intentions of some people was still a major failure.

It had failed to bring the kind of peace and freedom for blacks that it was intended to. Since the blacks had become more or less accustomed to being treated as chained men, it took them a long time to accept freedom in true manner.

The transition was slow and highly painful. It wasn't easy to shift power to the masses and it certainly took a long time to bring an end to slave mentality. Reconstruction Period After the Civil.

One of the policies that black leaders fought for was the granting of land to blacks following the Civil War. Freedman saw "land represented as their chance to farm for themselves, to have an independent life. It represented compensation for generation of travail and bondage" Although this demand has strong logical backing in that once freed, black farmers should have equal legal status as white, the reality of the situation did not support such a reformation. The general feeling of race within the northern landscape was very mixed, despite the fight for emancipation; Northerners still saw themselves as the superiors of the black population.

Therefore, black leaders were not able to gain strong land-rights for African-American throughout the west. However, the government did relent to giving out equitable land rights to African-Americans during the mass-migration to the West; this was one of the impetus that spawned the greater push…… [Read More].

Reconstruction Were Disappointing in That. This "education" convinces the white person to give up their sons for wars that oppress the dark peoples, votes money for the wars, makes him believe he should make up the lynch mobs and to oppress blacks with Jim Crow.

The fact that his philosophy was realistic was because it was the activism of his NAACP exposing the reality of lynching in the South in the s It was very realistic, because the in their face activism was what was reversing the trends in the South.

He had to apologize to the hites of the South in the Atlanta speech for blacks sought out political careers and teaching assignments…… [Read More]. Reconstruction Regarding the report of the joint committee on reconstruction -- can it be considered the first major event after reconstruction? The answer is yes, this report was the first major event and in fact it led to the reentry of the Confederate States back into the Union of the United States with certain requirements prior to that reentry.

Even though the Emancipation Proclamation is thought of in terms of what happened first, in fact the Emancipation Proclamation was delivered by President Lincoln before the war had officially ended. Hence, it would seem fair to contend that this committee report the first major event in the era of reconstruction. The report from the fifteen elected officials nine members from the House of Representatives and six United States Senators asked that…… [Read More]. Second Reconstructions One of the Most Dramatic.

Second Reconstructions One of the most dramatic consequences of the Civil ar and Reconstruction was that the South was effectively driven from national power for roughly six decades. Southerners no longer claimed the presidency, wielded much power on the Supreme Court, or made their influence strongly felt in Congress But beginning in the s, the South was able to flex more and more political muscle, and by the s some began to think that American politics and political culture were becoming 'southernized'.

Under segregation most blacks in the U. Certainly virtually nothing was done for civil rights during the…… [Read More]. Reconstruction a splendid failure? The Reconstruction period after the Civil ar was a time when America attempted to rebuild the structures and things that had been lost during the war. However, the reconstruction was not only about building the building again, but was about rebuilding and redefining I American values.

The entire economic structure and socioeconomic culture was to be re-defined. America had to rediscover itself and many of the institutions that it had held dear had to be reexamined. Some consider the Reconstruction Period to be one of the most splendid failures in American History. They content that the Civil ar did nothing to raise the economic or political status of the black person or other minorities. It also contends that the Reconstruction was a miserable failure on the part of industry as well.

One of the key issues surrounding the Civil ar was the issue of slavery. Iraq Reconstruction Reconstruction of Iraq: Three years ago, the world had witnessed two significant events that determined the fate of two of the most powerful nations in the world: A clearinghouse had been conducted, where the U.

Furthermore, a 'rehabilitation' project was formulated, where the U. It is evident that these programs made by the U. Era -- Shift in Philosophy. In the settlement houses, American women taught immigrant women about "American" culture and government and also educated Americans about the various cultures of the immigrants.

These settlement houses also offered childcare for working parents, health care, English classes, community theater, and many other social outlets These settlement houses were perceived as "hotbeds of progressive reform" and "spearheads for reform.

The frontier had been tamed, great cities and businesses had blossomed, but not all American citizens shared in this new wealth and optimism.

The majority of social problems during this era were addressed by professional social workers, most of which were female, who ran settlement houses in an effort to protect and improve the living and working conditions of the…… [Read More].

A Case Study in ace elations during econstruction Louisiana: A Case Study in ace elations during econstruction Southern Louisiana during the Civil War was quickly occupied by Union troops and the slaves began to flee plantations to Union-controlled cities like New Orleans and Natchez Steedman, The influx created problems for the Army since they were both wartime refugees and de facto free, despite parts of southern Louisiana being excluded from the Emancipation Proclamation.

As the war drew to a close in President Lincoln used Union-occupied Louisiana as a showcase for econstruction. Elections were held, governor and representatives selected, but Congress refused to recognize Louisiana's representatives. In , the Thirteenth Amendment was enacted making any form of slavery illegal in the United States Goluboff, When elections were held again in , control of Louisiana shifted to Southern Democrats…… [Read More]. America Moves West econstruction is the name for the period in United States history that covers the post-Civil War era, roughly Technically, it refers to the policies that focused on the aftermath of the war; abolishing slavery, defeating the Confederacy, and putting legislation in effect to restore the nation -- per the Constitution.

Most contemporary historians view econstruction as a failure with ramifications that lasted at least years later: Despite the failure of this period as an equalizer or integrator of races in the Old South, there was an equally robust push westward that not only encouraged individuals of all ethnicities to move, but changed the political and economic texture of the…… [Read More]. Groups During the Reconstruction Area. They other group that faced quiet a bit of resistance was that of the colored women.

In a work by Watkins Harper, Colored Women of America, the plight of colored women during this era was discussed in detail. The white and black women during this time period were constantly aggravated by the lack of backing for reprieve, land transformation, and compensations that they believed as just. This radical position was thwarted by a male biased society that dishonored female restructuring and tried to stop black reliance on the federal government.

The women's visualization of liberty, turned out to be very different from that of the men's. Black women played a vital role in econstruction.

In numerous manners these militant women had further in common with their white equals than the freed women whose agony they wanted to alleviate. America was finding its footing, Americans were finding their identity. The spark of revolution trickled down the vine where three men decided to take arms.

One took arms by defending the country against the British and securing the role of president of a new country. A second took pen and wrote to inspire the reluctant to declare independence from an unfair Britain. A third took brush and art to establish a painted history of the American revolution along with the first museums to showcase them in.

Three notable figures, George Washington, Charles Willson Peale, and Thomas Paine became some of the most influential men of their time.

George Washington was born on February 22, or February 11, and died December 14, He was alive during the time of the American evolution and played a pivotal role in America's victory over Great Britain. He became the first President of the…… [Read More]. Free The Story of Emancipation.

He writes, "In Louisiana, South Carolina, and Virginia - the home of large free black populations - men who had never known slavery dominated among econstruction officeholders. For the South as a whole, however, the black political leadership arose out of local slave communities" Foner He shows the struggles, victories, and defeats the blacks faced, and helps the reader see why econstruction was so important to our history.

He also believes that there is still a type of econstruction going on today, in other ways, which is another reason he feels it is so important. Foner's book belongs on the shelves of any reader interested in Civil War history, because he explains his ideas effectively and writes so anyone can understand his ideas and conclusions.

It effectively uses illustrations to help make some of the key points, such as how blacks were viewed historically during econstruction and beyond , and…… [Read More]. Expound Upon the Economic and Social Changes. Expound upon the economic and social changes blacks in the South experienced during the econstruction era.

Include within your discussion the topics of education, farming, family life, and the church. In the South there was a conflict that was occurring between the federal government and many of the states.

This is because white Southerners wanted to impose restrictions that were similar to slavery. Over the course of time, this resulted in a series of laws that were designed to restrict opportunities and access to resources. Faragher, In the field of education, this was taking place with many African-Americans not being able to attend school. This is from various Southern communities and states passing ordinances that did not allows them to go.

However, a large number were eager to learn and they set up their own schools. These institutions sprang up across the country in order to provide access to…… [Read More]. Industrialization and Social Reformers African-Americans. Many Americans insisted on moralizing poverty and housing conditions. One of the responses to the revelations was to build company towns, like Pullman, Illinois which provided decent housing and amenities to workers in the Pullman train car factory.

This project appears to have been successful initially, but a debilitating strike caused by high rent and low wages destroyed the town and other companies were no longer willing to follow this model Ibid. Still a bigger obstacle to widespread reform was the ubiquitous American reverence for private property rights. Notwithstanding the early New York measures, Americans were loath to deny the landlords unfettered control over their private property Ibid.

Although the progressive era as a whole saw great advancement in public health and safety requirements, there was only marginal success regarding housing reform. Many reforms that affected how people lived were undertaken in the name of public…… [Read More]. Civil War Culture Among the. In the North, however, abolitionists groups began to see slavery another way.

Finally, when Lincoln -- who was perceived as anti-slavery -- was elected, the South fought to exercise what it believed were its states rights by seceding. After the war concluded, these cultural and economic differences were not gone with the wind. Instead, they were prominent during reconstruction and continue to characterize the culture of the North and South today.

McElrath's timeline of reconstruction shows several attempts at making the South racially equal, which can be defined as one of the goals of reconstruction. The Civil Rights Bill and 14th amendment were methods by which this was accomplished. However, Civil ar era culture has left such an impact on the region as to make race relations in the American South still stereotypically tenacious. African-Americans and Western Expansion Prior to the s and s, very little was written about black participation in Western expansion from the colonial period to the 19th Century, much less about black and Native American cooperation against slavery.

This history was not so much forbidden or censored as never written at all, or simply ignored when it was written. In reality, blacks participated in all facets of Western expansion, from the fur trade and cattle ranching to mining and agriculture. There were black cowboys and black participants in the Indian Wars -- on both sides, in fact. Indeed, the argument over slavery in the Western territories was one of the key factors in breaking up the Union in the s and leading to the election of Abraham Lincoln in In the past thirty years, much of the previously unwritten and unrecorded history of the Americas since has been…… [Read More].

Sacagawea Discovery of American Territories. Legacy of Sacagawea to a Discovery of American Territories Sacagawea was a bilingual Shoshone woman who had been remembered for her immense contribution to the American history.

Sacagawea skills as a translator were invaluable for the expeditions in passing through the difficult terrain. Her contribution to the United States made Sacagawea become the monument in the American history.

Sacagawea was the native American Shoshone tribe and grew up at the surrounding of the Rocky mountain near the Salmon River region now referred as Idaho. The objective of this essay is to illustrate the contribution of Sacagawea in the U. Sacagawea Contribution in the Reconstruction Era of the U. What was "white backlash"? Give an example of an event that demonstrates "white backlash" and why. Although the term might apply especially well to the s, the era in which President Johnson passed the landmark Civil Rights Act, white backlash can easily be traced back to the Reconstruction Era and the rise of the KKK.

Rather than welcome the potential for an egalitarian and harmonious society, white supremacists clung to racist beliefs and used whatever means possible to retain political and social hegemony. As legislation at the federal level turned the tide against white supremacy throughout the nation, groups like…… [Read More]. Women's History The passing of time does not necessarily denote progress: In fact, most Native American women lost a considerable degree of power and status due to the imposition of European social values on their traditional cultures.

African women, brought to the New World against their will and in bondage, likewise did not enjoy the fruits of social progress. White women of European descent, however, did make some progress over the course of more than two centuries of early American history.

Divorce laws became more favorable toward women, who over the course of these few centuries were increasingly able to extricate themselves from violent, abusive, or unsatisfying unions.

However, divorce laws were one of the only legal progress…… [Read More]. Secession and Economic Impact on. Some of the slaves remained where they were and went to work for the masters that they had previously slaved under.

They were paid wages instead of working for free, but they remained because they had gotten along well with their masters and knew that if they remained there they would be able to work and eventually buy land so that they and their family could have their own place to live. Sometimes the masters would even give the freed individuals that they actually liked a small piece of their land so that they could build something. This was one of the other ways that they were able to acquire land from Caucasians Land grants from the government also gave them a chance to build churches and other buildings as they were still not allowed to share any of these with Caucasians.

Many people believe that the Emancipation Proclamation work…… [Read More]. Progress of African-Americans Historical Progress. The lack of a collective intellectual voice. In response to this and in part as a result of new affluence gained by some as well as a growing exposure to education, albeit mostly segregated, many began to develop what is known as the Harlem enaissance.

The s in American history were marked by a sociocultural awakening among Afro-Americans. More blacks participated in the arts than ever before, and their number increased steadily throughout the decade. This florescence of creative activity extended to many areas -- music, poetry, drama, fiction. In literature, the few Negro novels published between and were presented mainly by small firms unable to give their authors a national hearing.

However, in the succeeding decade, over two dozen novels by blacks appeared, and most of them were issued by major American publishers. The title itself raises questions about the role played by moralistic discourse in historiography, and what purpose it serves. Oshinsky certainly paints a grim picture of the systematic use of African-American prisoners at Parchman Farm -- the focus of his study -- and throughout the South after the Civil ar. I would like to examine the system that Oshinsky describes, while incidentally paying attention to the rhetoric he employs in doing so.

But ultimately I wish to call attention to, and question, the validity of Oshinsky's title. The title is provocative, and therefore can only be termed responsible historiography if indeed his purpose is to provoke further questions. Chief among these must be the question of what it actually means to declare that what he describes in the book…… [Read More].

Political Science Black Representation. The author explores many different theories as well as the ideas of Malcolm X and Martin Luther King to explore the under presentation of Blacks politically. There were eight sources used to complete this paper. African-Americans have come a long way since the nation's inception. From the days of slavery, to the present time many bridges have been crossed and many battles have been won. Gone are the days that Blacks were required to sit at the back of the bus.

No longer can Blacks be told they must eat at a certain restaurant. Black and white children go to school together daily, they grow up on the same streets and they marry into each other's race with increasing frequency.

It is becoming the America that the founding fathers envisioned at the time the nation was created. One of the reasons…… [Read More]. Effects of Civil War in the South. Civil ar After the last shots of Civil ar were heard, and following the issuance of the Emancipation Proclamation by President Lincoln, the South had been humiliated and devastated. The repercussions of war included loss of life, land, and livelihood. Patriarchy and racism remained entrenched, but the emancipation of slaves significantly transformed the social landscape of the South.

Liberated slaves started from scratch without access to cultural or social capital, and many eventually migrated North. African-American culture was able to emerge, and in many cases, to flourish. Meanwhile, the white power structures in the South resigned themselves to ignorance, causing the South to remain the most backwards, uneducated, and poor region of the United States for over a century.

Far from inspiring the South to transform its social, cultural, economic, and political institutions, the entrenched plantation society and Confederate identity took deep root there. Jim Crow symbolizes the extent to…… [Read More]. American Elections of Shady American Elections of The most corruption ridden, heinous and questionable presidential election in American history had only just begun.

During the presidential campaign, Rutherford was blasted by Tilden's opposition labeling him thief, briber and a drunkard. Eyebrows were raised in states controlled by Republican about voting fraud; armed and dangerous bigoted white democrats had enveloped the South thwarting blacks from voting in elections.

Hence in the aftermath, South Carolina, Louisiana and Florida were judged too close to call. With these states still in-pending, Tilden was short of one electrical vote of as written in the constitution to win an election. Hayes captured electoral votes; now he just needed 20 electoral votes to win from these mentioned three states to attain the president's seat. The crisis began slowly leading up to the threat of a civil war which finally concluded behind the curtain deal, popularly known as…… [Read More].

Democratic and Republican Parties Politics. The Democratic Party did not win another presidential election until when Woodwork Wilson was elected due to a split vote between Republican conservative candidate, William Howard Taft and Republican progressive candidate Theodore Roosevelt. The New Freedom "was the slogan of Woodrow Wilson who came into presidential office on the platform of promising reform on a liberal basis.

Specifically, through an extension of Federal regulations of banking and industry. Further reform through setting up the Federal Reserve System and the Federal Trade Commission as well as strengthening antitrust statutes on the part of Wilson. Much needed reforms to legislation of welfare was attended by Wilson. Wilson's first Administration demonstrated breaking of connections to the old tradition of Democratic laissez faire.

The Republican Party united once again nominated Rutherford. Although the Democratic candidate, Samuel Tilden, was said to have won by popular votes, the…… [Read More]. U S vs Harris This Is. Tucker, deputy sheriff of said county, from giving and securing to the said Robert R. Smith and others, naming them, the due and equal protection of the laws of said state, in this, to-wit, that at and before the entering into said conspiracy, the said Robert R.

Smith and others, naming them, were held in the custody of said deputy sheriff by virtue of certain warrants duly issued against them, to answer certain criminal charges, and it thereby became and was the duty of said deputy sheriff to safely keep in his custody the said Robert R. Smith and others while so under arrest, and then and there give and secure to them the equal protection of the laws of the State of Tennessee, and that the defendants did then and there conspire together for the purpose of preventing and hindering the said deputy sheriff from then and there safely…… [Read More].

Out of the House of Bondage. The Transformation of the Plantation Household In the book, Thavolia Glymph gives us an inspection of the power influences that are linked among white and black southern women that are in the interior of the traditional plantation household in the 18th century epoch, Civil ar. Thavolia Glymph, in Out of the House of Bondage, gives us a convincing look inside what life was like inside the southern plantation houses in pre-Civil ar south.

In the book, the author showed us how life in the antebellum days had basically turned into what was considered a political showground, where subjected black women and white women contested against the implications of labor and independence during slavery and…… [Read More]. Government Politics Texas - A Good. One thinks of the arren Court, and the great number of decisions concerning civil rights, voting rights, etc.

It is often not realized, however, to what an extent state judges play ar ole in shaping these issues. In many state court systems, the state system was actually more liberal than the Federal: First and foremost, state constitutions may be used not only to broaden rights but also to restrict them.

They are far easier to amend than the U. Therefore, forces within a state dissatisfied with liberal court interpretations of the fundamental state law may, without nearly the same effort required on the federal level, undo those rulings Standard Joke About America in the s. Although perhaps intended as a joke about drug usage, the joke also points in a serious way to social change in the decade, which was so rapid and far-reaching that it did seem like the world changed almost daily.

This is the paradox of Todd Gitlin's "years of hope" and "days of rage" -- that with so much social and cultural upheaval, the overall mood at any given moment in the s must surely have seemed contradictory. How then can we assess the three most important themes in this broad social change? I would like to make the case that the three longest-lasting social changes came with America's forced adjustment to new realities on the international scene, with Vietnam; on the domestic scene, with the Civil ights movement; and…… [Read More].

Fatal Flood -- Causes and. According to many historians, that relief effort was instrumental in propelling Hoover into the national spotlight and eventually helped him win the presidential election. The Mississippi Flood as the ause of Racial Tension Approximately , people were directly affected by the Mississippi Flood of , having to relocate because their homes, property, and entire communities were completely destroyed by the flood. Almost half of them were housed in relief camps of whom almost three-quarters were African-American.

In many cases, the conditions sparked racial tensions and events such as what occurred in Greenville, Mississippi. More than 10, people were stranded without drinking water, food, or any other supplies for several days.

When boats finally arrived, they initially rescued only children and white women, leaving white men, and African-Americans. In another event that made nationwide headlines, police had been sent to round up relief workers from the "Negro" areas. When an…… [Read More]. Gordon Rule Essay and Political Success. Limited the Efficiency and Effectiveness of the President and Congress in the Late 19th Century In the nineteenth century, the American government saw many Americans worry about the responsiveness, complexity, or size of their democracy.

Having this perspective in mind, the American government of the nineteenth century was small and orderly, having a great machine that oversaw the state at night and held in check by the yeoman citizenry. Moreover, the lines of authority were overlapping where the federal structure took measures to ensure that the national government and the states each had their precise and respective orbits.

As such, the structures ensured that the federal government remained small and limited. The little system of regulations precluded the emergence of the sprawling regulatory state having a cacophony of interest groups that competed, the bureaucrats were unresponsive, the politicians were ambitious, and citizen-clients.

In summary, the idealized image of the nineteenth…… [Read More]. Klan politics are eerily being played out in modern conservative movements such as the Tea Party. While the Tea Party does not officially endorse the KKK, the two groups share many common objectives including the mistrust of new immigrants.

Today's Klansmen are basically "unhappy about the social politics of America's post-industrial, pluralistic society" and they "feel left out. The Ku Klux Klan. Working Class Race the Correlation. Each brings the evidence to light by utilizing a different set of sources, one slightly more personal and narrative than the other but both clearly expressive of the expansion of the ideals of America as a "white" masculine society of working class people that needed and obtained voice through ideals that attempted, at least to some degree to skirt the issue of race.

Race was represented in both works as something ardently discussed but that went completely unresolved, as the "white" ideology of representation and power dominated the practicality of the day. This reader was moved by reading both books, a greater understanding of how many times race was set on the backburner, even when it was something many had to look square in the face hundreds of times in a day is essential to a greater understanding of just how complicated tie issue really was and still is in…… [Read More].

Validity of Data America Considers. Instead of pretending that racism and its effects no longer exist, we need to strengthen affirmative action and devise a new set of policies that directly tackle the racial gap in wealth.

That, in a nutshell, is the position of this paper. America has not given affirmative action enough time to act. Moving forward, we should continue our affirmative action policies, but with an end in mind. Economists and sociologists, along with help from America's captains of industry and human resources experts, should devise an ideal time frame whereby affirmative action will end, and set outside and inside goals for this time frame as well. But for now, affirmative action must continue, and continue with gusto, to reverse the horrors that America's history has caused.

Spanish and American Democracy The United States of America and Spain are both now industrialized nations and modern democracies, but their paths to democracy and global influence were quite distinct. The United States of America was formally founded in by a group of early American politicians who envisioned the young nation as an alternative in democratic governance in contrast and opposition to the monarchies still in ruling power throughout Europe.

Spain was one of these European countries under monarchial rule in the 18th century and remained a monarchy for years after the official adoption of the democratic Constitution in the United States of America. Spain's transition to democratic rule is largely considered to have begun in when the Spanish dictator Francisco Franco passed away, although there are other dates in the s that are also said to mark the transition as well. The philosophical foundations of the…… [Read More].

Mis-Education of the Negro Carter G. Especially in terms of the role of education in the first half of the twentieth century, aspects of the Black experience that impacted the education of Black people, and what they themselves might want to achieve through an education. His book The Mis-Education of the Negro addresses such issues in terms of a number of specific dimensions, such as the impact of slavery on the African-American psyche, the degree to which African-Americans had been mis-educated, the need for greater self-reliance among members of the Black population, that Blacks needed to develop their own social order and not imitate the white order, and the meaning of political education in the African-American community.

Nat Turner's Fierce Rebellion. Oates was a professor African-American and U. His most notable works chronicle the antebellum, Civil War, and Reconstruction eras of American history. He is particularly well-known for his biographies of the period including his works on Lincoln.

The Fires of Jubilee: Oates offers his historical work as a companion to as well as a rebuttal of some of the existing literature on Turner, including the famous novel by William Styron. He feared that strong northern public support for the war would wane if the fighting continued and knew that the war was also taking an enormous toll on northern families and resources.

Lincoln worried that if the war dragged on, a settlement would be reached that would leave the North and South as two separate nations. As it turned out, his fears were justified: As a result, in the Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction of , Lincoln drafted lenient specifications for secessionist states for readmission into the Union—an attempt to entice Unionists and those tired of fighting in the South to surrender.

His Ten-Percent Plan, part of the proclamation, called for southern states to be readmitted into the Union after 10 percent of the voting public swore a loyalty oath to the United States. Lincoln did not want Reconstruction to be a long, drawn-out process; rather, he wanted the states to draft new constitutions so that the Union could be quickly restored.

Radical Republicans, on the other hand, wanted the South to pay a price for secession and believed that Congress, not the president, should direct the process of Reconstruction.

The Radical Republicans saw serious flaws in Civil War—era southern society and were adamant that the South needed full social rehabilitation to resemble the North. Many Republican Congressmen also aimed to improve education and labor conditions to benefit all of the oppressed classes in southern society, black and white. In the end, Radical Republicans in the House impeached President Andrew Johnson in because he repeatedly blocked their attempt to pass radical legislation.

Had Lincoln remained alive, he might have been in the same position himself: Indeed, Lincoln had made it clear during the Civil War that he was fighting to restore the Union, not to emancipate slaves. It is likely that Lincoln thus would have battled with Congress over the control of Reconstruction, blocked key Reconstruction policies, and met as vindictive a House as Johnson did Explain how three of the following shaped northern politics during Reconstruction: All three thus played a role in ending Reconstruction.

The executives bribed dozens of Congressmen and cabinet members in Ulysses S. The scheme was eventually exposed, and many politicians were forced to resign. When the Depression of struck, northern voters became even less interested in pursuing Reconstruction efforts.

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Suggested Essay Topics; Study Questions. 1. In what ways was Reconstruction a success? A failure? Explain. Reconstruction was a success in that it restored the United States as a unified nation: by , all of the former .

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Teacher's Edition for Reconstruction with Discussion & Essay Questions designed by master teachers and experts who have taught Reconstruction.

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1. Explain the importance of the Fourteenth and Fifteenth amendments. 2. Describe the system of sharecropping. 3. The Ku Klux Klan was begun during Reconstruction and continues to this day. What does the continued existence of this and other racist groups say about racism in the United States? Explain your answer. 4. Compare and contrast . A Review: The Civil War and Reconstruction Era Spring, Professor Blight The final exam will consist of two essay questions and some identifications.

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Reconstruction Essay essays Reconstruction was the period of 'repair' after the civil war. It was to repair the North and South, politically, socially, and economically. It was also to rejoin the South back into the union, as it had succeeded during the . Reconstruction was a difficult time for America that sparked many questions, such as how the Confederacy would be reinstated into the Union, would the President or Congress control the readmission, what would happen to the freedmen, etc.